San Marino, a small independent nation on the slopes of Mount Titano, on the Adriatic side of central Italy
Photo credit: @zagotravel
San Marino, also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino (Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino), is a mountainous microstate surrounded on all sides by the republic of Italy. It is located close to the riviera of Rimini, one of Italy's main coastal resort areas.
San Marino is the world's oldest republic and Europe's third smallest state, after Vatican City and Monaco. The country derives its name from Saint Marinus, a Christian stonemason (from the Roman colony on the island of Rab, in modern-day Croatia) who is said to have founded the country in 301 AD.
Among the world’s oldest republics, San Marino retains much of its historic architecture. On the slopes of Monte Titano (2,425 feet [739 metres]) sits the capital, also called San Marino (Città di San Marino), known for its medieval walled old town and narrow cobblestone streets, and surrounded by three defensive fortresses, The Three Towers, dating to the 11th century, looking out to the Adriatic coast.
San Marino is made up of a few towns dotted around the mountain sides. In 2008 Mount Titano and the historic centre of San Marino were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.